Recap Quiz. Focus is a word that gets used a lot in soccer. We all know that poor focus leaves players feeling mentally overwhelmed and not able to focus appropriately. Imagery is not a magical power that automatically makes anything you imagine, come true. Rather, it is a powerful tool that is used by some of the greatest athletes to help give them that extra push they need to reach their goals. Calm and carefree are the essence of confidence. This lesson dives into controlling controllables, relaxation, breathing, and how to be carefree — the art of caring less — temporarily.
Players can interact with other students in a private, moderated Facebook group — questions will be answered here, too! Mental Mastery has helped our athletes excel in the mental aspect of their game, which takes them to the next level athletically. Erika Westhoff, M. Her work focuses on helping athletes improve their mental toughness and enjoyment of soccer.
With nearly 20 years of experience in Applied Sport Psychology, Erika knows what it takes to achieve mental toughness.
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Our primary goal is to help students improve on and off the field. Be proactive in your training — prepare now for the adversity that accompanies high-level competition. Get through it faster, stronger, and more effectively then your competition. What can my athletes expect to get out of Mental Mastery Program? Everything we teach is designed to increase self-awareness, enhance confidence and improve every aspect of your game.
After all, your brain is the control center of your body. When you train your brain to work and communicate more effectively, your body works better too! We hear that a lot.
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Wise first defending will contribute to the defending team managing to organise before the opponents attack. The first defender should usually be the player closest to the opponent holding possession, but needs to be at the defending side of him in order to do an effective job.
He or she should keep a distance of about 2 metres, although the ideal distance will vary with each situation. The point is to pressure the opponent as much as possible without giving him a large possibility of a dribble. As a dribble isn't as dangerous when the defending team is well organised, the distance may be shorter in these cases. Analogously, the distance should be increased if the defence is poorly organised.
In certain cases, the first defender should attempt a tackle. Often, however, this will increase the probability of being dribbled and passed. The direction in which to move towards the opponent with possession of the ball may be the shortest direction. However, it may be of value to curve the defensive run, in order to channel also called "show" the opponent in a certain direction.
If the defensive team is well organised, he should be channelled "shown" towards the centre of the pitch. In the case of temporarily poor defensive organisation, however, he should be channelled towards the line. The second defender is for security if the first defender is passed. In that case, he takes over as first defender, and ideally one of the third defender s takes over as second defender. The team should be organised in a manner to make this transition as fast as possible. The typical ideal distance between the second and first defender is about six metres, but this will vary strongly from situation to situation.
The most important factor is the opponent's speed. If he's moving fast, the distance should be longer. If he's standing still, the second and first defender may in some cases join forces and work as two first defenders. The job of the third defender is to provide deep cover. He is generally in a stand-off position relative to the first and second defenders and tries to view the "big picture", keeping watch for new opponents moving up, and covering vulnerable gaps if the first and second defenders are bypassed.
The sweeper role is sometimes conceived as that of a third defender, but every defensive player not immediately engaging the ball has the obligation to adjust his positioning to guard against dangerous situations and to plug vulnerable gaps.
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While the role of first and second defenders are rather similar, the third defenders' role is very different in zone defence and man-to-man defence. Also, their organisation will vary with formation. In zone defence , second and third defenders and midfielders are organised in two lines, in the transverse direction of the field, thus organising a defender line and a midfielder line , the midfielder line working as an "outer shield" for the defenders. The lines should be as straight as possible, although the first defender and in some cases the second defender may rush out of it to pressure the opponent with the ball.
A straight line of defenders may prevent spaces behind some of them due to the offside rule. Also, even in zone defence , some opponents, for example those moving into dangerous space, may temporarily need to be marked. The man-to-man defence ideology holds that almost all opponents need to be marked at all times, although they will have to keep an eye on zone considerations as well, and usually a sweeper will be given a free defensive role. In practice, however, every defence will be a mix of zone defence and a man-to-man defence , although often with heavy leanings towards one or the other.
The number of players in the defender and midfielder lines is given by the number of football formations.
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Some formations use midfield anchors to stop attacks between the two lines. Attackers usually also play a role in pressurising defenders, in order to give them less time to find good passing alternatives. The lines should be shifted sideways depending where the ball is. The third defenders should keep a sensible distance to each other, depending on the width the opponent's attacking players are distributed in. The distance between the defender line and the midfielder line should be kept constant at about 15 metres.
However, the defensive line should back up and thus increase this distance, stand off , when there is no pressure on the opponent in possession, as this increases the possibility of a through ball. With tough pressure on the opponent, the distance may be reduced to below 15 metres. Also, as opponents move in close to the penalty area , the defending team will be forced to move their midfielders ever closer to their defenders.
When organised, the defending team will offer no resistance until the attacking team has advanced to a certain height on the pitch. The pressure height , or at which depth the midfielders should start acting as first and second defenders, depends on a lot of factors. For example, as higher pressure is more tiring, it demands players with good stamina.
In general, a defensive-minded team will tend to stay lower, thus diminishing defensive risks as opponents get less space. This however, also gives them a longer way to the goal in the event of a break and counter-attack, making the long through ball a typical alternative. In a man-to-man defence system, a single defender follows his opponent wherever he goes. Extremely tight marking can be achieved in this way and star players can often be neutralised in a game by use of a dedicated "shadow".
Since the man-to-man defence will take defenders in any part of the field, interceptions and broken plays will often offer opportunity for quick counter-attack. The Italian teams of the s and s often used this approach with impressive results. The weakness of the man-to-man defence is depth when fresh attackers move up.
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The man-to-man defence also allows defenders to be drawn out of position, opening gaps for other attackers in vulnerable areas. This was Italy's fatal weakness in the Final, according to some analysts.
He sometimes takes up a position slightly behind the other defenders, as his defensive role often is to 'sweep up' any attacks that break through the defence and as such he adds valuable depth to the defensive unit. Usually the sweeper will be the controller of the defence. They will determine where the back line should be at any given time. Zone defence does not require a sweeper role, and as many teams have changed their tactics to this, sweepers are today rare. At free-kicks from short range, particularly when defending a direct free-kick, a wall of defensive players is lined up.
The number of players who form the wall depends on the angle and distance from the goal, the opponent's assumed shooting skills, and the need to mark opponents to whom the ball might be passed. The wall is usually set up at the direction of the defending goalkeeper to block a direct shot at the near post. The goalkeeper is normally positioned nearer the far post.
In order to increase the difficulty for the free-kick taker to kick the ball over the wall and into the goal it is common for the players in the wall to jump vertically when the kick is taken. Defending indirect free-kicks provides different difficulties for the defending team.
The wall must be prepared to charge down the ball once it has been touched by the free-kick taker, and other defenders must be alert to the attacking team's practised set-plays.